Chicago Style citations are generally used for published papers, but are often requested by professors to help students practice its use. If you need more information than what is located in this source, the best reference is Purdue Owl.


Check with your professor regarding title pages. Chicago Style allows both: your paper can include a title page, or your paper can simply include the title as the headline of the first page. Remember to include your last name and the page number at the top right hand corner of every page except the cover page.

Go to Purdue Owl for more details and to see a title page example.

In Text Citations:

Instead of typical in-text citations, Chicago Style uses footnotes. When a citation is needed in your paper, add a superscript that will correspond to a footnote.

TIP: To create a superscript, select the content and press Crtl, Shift, and +

Footnote Ex:
Bradford Burns and Julie A. Charlip, Latin America: An Interpretive History, 9th ed., (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2011), 65.

The footnote should begin with the same superscript number used to reference the source in the text of your paper. It should be contained in the footer section of the page and is often separated from the paper with a line. You should NOT have a hanging indentation for your footnotes. However, you do need the page number of the reference (if available) included in the footnote. In the above example, the page number is 65.

See more details on Purdue Owl.

Works Cited Page:

All sources should be listed in alphabetical order by author’s last name and double spaced with no additional spaces between citations. The second line (and all following lines) of the reference should be indented (this is called a hanging indent).

TIP: To indent the second line on Word, place your cursor at the beginning of your second line and right click. Then select paragraph from the pop-up menu. Under indentation, use the special menu to select hanging. Select 0.5″.

Ex. Burns, E. Bradford, and Julie A. Charlip. Latin America: An Interpretive History. 9th
ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2011.

Learn more about Works Cited pages on Purdue Owl.